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Exercise vs. diabetes: New level of detail uncovered
Alhough exercise is already known to reduce type 2 diabetes risk, a new study brings additional detail.

Using data from more than 1 million participants across four continents, researchers measured the precise benefits of exercise. Diabetes in the United States is reaching epidemic proportions. Almost 1 in 10 Americans are estimated to have diabetes - that is more than 29 million people.

Also, an additional 86 million are thought to have prediabetes; this describes a state where an individual`s blood sugar level is higher than it should be, but not high enough to trigger a diabetes diagnosis. It is considered an early warning signal.

With the global number of type 2 diabetes cases expected to hit 592 million by 2035, all knowledge of how this disease might be managed is vital.

The risk factors for type 2 diabetes (the most common version of diabetes) are well known.

Being overweight or obese, high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and inactivity are all known to play a substantial role. All of the above can be managed, at least in part, by exercise.

Exercise and diabetes: A fresh look
A new study, published this week in the journal Diabetologia, takes a deeper look at the role of exercise in the development of type 2 diabetes. It is the most in-depth study to examine exercise independent from other influential factors, such as diet. The conclusions from the report are clear:

"This research shows that some physical activity is good, but more is better." Dr. Study co-author Soren Brage

"This research shows that some physical activity is good, but more is better." Dr. Study co-author Soren Brage

"Our results suggest a major potential for physical activity to slow down or reverse the global increase in type 2 diabetes and should prove useful for health impact modeling, which frequently forms part of the evidence base for policy decisions." Lead author Andrea Smith

As mentioned, exercise has long been known to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes; however, now we have a clearer picture of the exact figures behind this effect. As Dr. Brage says:

"These new results add more detail to our understanding of how changes in the levels of physical activity across populations could impact the incidence of disease. They also lend support to policies to increase physical activity at all levels. This means building environments that make physical activity part of everyday life."

Learn how a gene discovery might help design new treatments for type 2 diabetes.

Written by Tim Newman

Cited from Medical News Today